PRA is well known for its research principles, program assessments, evaluation studies, performance measurements, and data analysis. Our independent Institutional Review Board provides expert consultation and review on matters related to human subjects for all research and evaluation projects.

We can assist you with establishing and training staff on data collection methodologies, designing research protocols, and presenting study results in an appealing format that will gain notice among policymakers and funders.

Research Links

Abreu, D., Parker, T. W., Noether, C. D., Steadman, H. J., & Case, B. (2017). Revising the paradigm for jail diversion for people with mental and substance use disorders: Intercept 0. Behavioral Sciences & the Law, 35(5–6), 380–395.

Brandow, C. L., Swarbrick, M., & Nemec, P. B. (2019). Rethinking the causes and consequences of financial wellness for people with serious mental illnesses. Psychiatric Services in Advance.

Callahan, L., Cocozza, J., Steadman, H. J., & Tillman, S. (2012). A national survey of U.S. Juvenile mental health courts. Psychiatric Services, 63(2), 130–134.

Callahan, L., Steadman, H. J., Tillman, S., & Vesselinov, R. (2013). A multi-site study of the use of sanctions and incentives in mental health courts. Law and Human Behavior, 37(1), 1–9.

Gilbert, A. R., Moser, L. L., Van Dorn, R. A., Swanson, J. W., Wilder, C. M., Robbins, P. C., Keator, K. J., Steadman, H. J., & Swartz, M. S. (2010). Reductions in arrest under assisted outpatient treatment in New York. Psychiatric Services, 61(10), 996–999.

Kauff, J. F., Clary, E., Lupfer, K. S., & Fischer, P. J. (2016). An evaluation of SOAR: Implementation and outcomes of an effort to improve access to SSI and SSDI. Psychiatric Services, 67(10), 1098–1102.

Lupfer, K., & Elder, J. (2016). SOAR Online Course increases capacity for assisting individuals with disabilities in the US. Frontiers in Public Health, 4.

Robbins, P. C., Keator, K. J., Steadman, H. J., Swanson, J. W., Wilder, C. M., & Swartz, M. S. (2010). Assisted outpatient treatment in New York: Regional differences in New York’s assisted outpatient treatment program. Psychiatric Services, 61(10), 970–975.

Steadman, H. J., Mulvey, E. P., Monahan, J., Robbins, P. C., Appelbaum, P. S., Grisso, T., Roth, L. H., & Silver, E. (1998). Violence by people discharged from acute psychiatric inpatient facilities and by others in the same neighborhoods. Archives of General Psychiatry, 55(5), 393.

Steadman, H. J., Osher, F. C., Robbins, P. C., Case, B., & Samuels, S. (2009). Prevalence of serious mental illness among jail inmates. Psychiatric Services, 60(6), 761–765.

Steadman, H. J., Redlich, A., Callahan, L., Robbins, P. C., & Vesselinov, R. (2011). Effect of mental health courts on arrests and jail days: A multisite study. Archives of General Psychiatry, 68(2), 167.

Steadman, H., Morrissey, J., & Parker, T. (2015). When Political Will Is Not Enough: Jails, Communities, and Persons with Mental Health Disorders. Delmar, NY: Policy Research Associates, Inc. Retrieved from:

Substance Abuse and Mental Health Services Administration. (2015). Municipal Courts: An Effective Tool for Diverting People with Mental and Substance Use Disorders from the Criminal Justice System [Prepared by Policy Research Associates, Inc. under SAMHSA IDIQ Prime Contract #HHSS283200700036I, Task Order #HHSS28342003T]. Retrieved from

Substance Abuse and Mental Health Services Administration. (2019). Screening and Assessment of Co-occurring Disorders in the Justice System [Prepared by Policy Research Associates, Inc. under SAMHSA IDIQ Prime Contract #HHSS283200700036I, Task Order #HHSS28342003T]. Retrieved from

Swarbrick, M., Nemec, P. B., Brandow, C. L., & Spagnolo, A. (2018). Strategies to promote walking among community-dwelling individuals with major mental disorders. Journal of Psychosocial Nursing and Mental Health Services, 56(3), 25–32.